Delinquency Prevention and Youth Development

Discussion 4 sample


Social Advocates for Youth (SAY), is located in San Diego, CA approximately 30 minutes from my home. After reviewing their financial statements of 2015 and 2016, it seems like a lot of their income is generated through grants. The County of SD, First-5 SD, CA Department of Public Health, and more are listed under grants receivable. Alternatively, there are some programs in which they charge, because there is a Program Service Revenue portion of their Form 990 FYE16 (SAYSanDiego, 2016). They also have investment income.

Many of their programs would be primary since there are programs for preschool and school readiness to prevent youth from using, as well as services for adults to be better role models for their children. This facility treats the child and the family. There are other programs within the organization which are secondary, but I will go over the primary programs.


SAY involves the entire community to aid in preventing drug and alcohol abuse, and to be allotted all advantages possible regardless of disability or socioeconomic status. By recruiting the family and community in a child’s success, the community as a whole can grow advantageously, according to SAY.


Programs consist of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug prevention, behavioral therapy, community services for families, delinquency prevention, First-5 steps, preschools, and vacation programs for families.

Through after school events, and programs which utilize services from SD police department, UCSD department of Family Medicine and Public Health, and Training, Research, and Education for Driving Safety (TREDS), SAY allows for education of drugs and alcohol from outside services to inform the youth what outcomes can arise from substance abuse. There is also a youth group who has been involved with SAY, who are trained to speak to fellow peers regarding substance abuse. This can be utilized as community service hours, and the young children can become more comfortable with the material they are speaking about. This will give them courage through knowledge, to say no when asked to try a substance.                                              

Another program known as Delinquency Prevention and Youth Development, aids families of youth which may have a higher rate of anger, and may be predestined through family history, and community stigma to move into the direction of substance abuse. They aid by providing individual and family counseling, and by teaching what positive choices are in group settings and one on one. Crisis intervention is also available if necessary to prevent the child from straying from the positive path due to uncontrollable circumstances. Stress reduction and anger management is assessed here, as well as providing group therapy sessions for parents, to help them guide their children together. A similar program is KEEP, which aids foster parents and children directly with stress and anger management.

FLEX is a program which particularly works with young boys to make them better men. They take them on field trips, college campus visits, and prepares them for success in school, graduation, life skills, and improves their self-esteem.

CAT Plus, provides information regarding teen pregnancy and STDs. They provide skills for decision making, and confidence improvement.

The main goal is to make the family and community members, role models for the children. For this reason, SAY has programs for adults to better themselves as well as for youth development. They strive to make residential areas and housing smoke-free, and the Cinco De Mayo Con Orgullo Coalition, is a Latin-driven community program which is promoting drug-free communities, by informing and educating the community, and by strengthening the relationship between law enforcement and citizens. Other programs under SAY hold youth town hall meetings, and monitor important issues such as illegal marijuana dispensaries, and on-and-off sale liquor code compliance. There is even a sub-program of this program called the Meth Strike Force.

In keeping with their mission, Extended Day is a program for children with hard working parents, where the children can stay and have assistance with homework, be involved in sports, arts and crafts, and education on self-esteem with skills to resist peer pressure.

Drug testing was not listed in any of the programs, but they may be required for some of the adult classes or secondary programs.


Keeping the mind and body active at a young age can be most effective when attempting to keep children away from substance abuse. The more knowledge they have, the better they can rationalize a decision. If children can be educated at a young age, and also gain skills to move forward in life, drugs and alcohol abuse may not be as tempting. Treating the family as well as the child helps for mutual understanding and growth regarding the topic. I have not seen a lot of advertisement for this organization. It is not even a place that pops up on a Google search quickly, so advertisement should increase to reach more families. As a whole, their prevention methods seem well constructed and thought out, with percentages in every program explaining their success rate. Illegal dispensaries were closed due to the work the Central Region Prevention Coalition, which is positive (SAY, n.d.).

I would like to see a FLEX for young girls to make them strong women as well, rather than just for boys. My only recommendation is to see if there are outreach programs that can be added which can help with career paths. Providing pathways for careers, may stimulate a goal to reach, to help keep the youth focused. I did not notice any incentives except for assistance and community service. Usually this is not enough of an incentive for children. Perhaps commitment to the program can be rewarded with a raffle drawing for family tickets to an amusement park or a family vacation at the end of every year. With incentives like these, the whole family can be excited to commit.

What I would also like to see is a prevention program in this organization which assists youth after injury. It has been stated throughout our discussions, that the opioid epidemic can sometimes stem from a childhood injury and prescription narcotics. There should be some implementation of this form of abuse education. This education should include the parents as well. The FDA is still attempting to find a way to treat children with extreme pain effectively, knowing that the introduction of opioids on a developing mind can have lasting effects (Califf, Woodcock, & Ostroff, 2016)


Califf, R., Woodcock, J., & Ostroff, S. (2016). A Proactive Response to Prescription Opioid Abuse. New England Journal of Medicine374(15), 1480-1485.

SAYSanDiego. Program List – SAY San Retrieved 22 November 2017, from

SAYSanDiego. Form 990 FYE16. (2016). Retrieved 22 November 2017, from

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