Changes in obesity among youths

Bleich, S. N., Segal, J., Wu, Y., Wilson, R., & Wang, Y. (2013). Systematic review of community-based childhood obesity prevention studies. Pediatrics132(1), e201-e210.

This study thoroughly reviewed community-based childhood obesity prevention programs in the United States and high-income countries. The strength this article offers is the fact that it compares independent cases and comes up with the right solutions. The only weakness is that the study only took place in high-income countries, abandoning the third world countries which are also affected by childhood obesity. However, this article will provide enough evidence for my practice change

Cunningham, S. A., Kramer, M. R., & Narayan, K. V. (2014). Incidence of childhood obesity in the United StatesNew England Journal of Medicine370(5), 403-411.

The main objective of this study was to assess the demographic associations and their predictive value of effective weight maintenance. It took place in Atlanta and the advantage it has is how it associated demographics and obesity among children aged 2-20 years. The weakness of this study is that it did not consider that sensitive patterns that characterize different subpopulations especially on the subject obesity. The study will provide sufficient information regarding weight maintenance of children and adolescents which will be helpful in my practice change.

Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B., & Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cureThe lancet360(9331), 473-482.

The article examines changes in obesity among youths in the United States of America by looking at their socioeconomic background and how it affects obesity. The article is important since it underlines how socioeconomic differences among the different people determines obesity levels by influences the amounts of calorie intake and physical activities one engages in. the article does not however state how low socioeconomic stimulates appetite for food and discourages physical activity. Despite this, I am certain it will be helpful in my practice change.

Han, J. C., Lawlor, D. A., & Kimm, S. Y. (2010). Childhood obesityThe Lancet375(9727), 1737-1748.

This article summarizes how childhood obesity has been on the rise in the last three decades and the associated disorders such as diabetes. The article strives to control both genetic and physiological appetites that lead to this obesity syndrome but, it does not provide enough information to help assess the prevention or reverse child obesity. While this information will be important while formulating recommendation for my practice change, I am still confident it will provide the necessary information I need.

Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2012). Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. International journal of preventive medicine3(1), 1.

This article basically insists on the importance of school based interventions regarding childhood obesity. The primary objective and importance of this article is the way it emphasizes the importance of physical activity and healthy diet among school going children. Financial implications and continued stigmatization of obese children continues to form a hindrance to overall practice change. However, it did not include a large population to warrant a global conclusion. I am therefore not sure about using it for my practice

Ludwig, D. S. (2018). Epidemic Childhood Obesity: Not Yet the End of the Beginning. Pediatrics, e20174078.

This article looks of over three decades (35 years) of bad news on child obesity and how recent statistics offer positive information on American children especially those aged between 2 and 5 years. The article is generally informative on the trends in childhood obesity epidemic and how preventive measures accompanied with overall public awareness have led to this change. It is however limited to children between the ages of 2 to 5 years. This makes it limited in terms of the evidence that can be obtained from it regarding adolescents which is important for my practice change.

References

Bleich, S. N., Segal, J., Wu, Y., Wilson, R., & Wang, Y. (2013). Systematic review of community-based childhood obesity prevention studies. Pediatrics132(1), e201-e210.

Cunningham, S. A., Kramer, M. R., & Narayan, K. V. (2014). Incidence of childhood obesity in the United StatesNew England Journal of Medicine370(5), 403-411.

Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B., & Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cureThe lancet360(9331), 473-482.

Han, J. C., Lawlor, D. A., & Kimm, S. Y. (2010). Childhood obesityThe Lancet375(9727), 1737-1748.

Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2012). Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. International journal of preventive medicine3(1), 1.

Ludwig, D. S. (2018). Epidemic Childhood Obesity: Not Yet the End of the Beginning. Pediatrics, e20174078.

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