Choose 4 items from the list included in the project description and provide definitions and apply those definitions through a brief and focused analysis of an artifact for each that exemplifies the term.

Question Description

Choose 4 items from the list included in the project description and provide definitions and apply those definitions through a brief and focused analysis of an artifact for each that exemplifies the term.


Paleolithicvisual literacybirth of art, Africa/EuropeNeolithiciconographypre-historiccompositionabstraction,idealism,realism,naturalism,verismpost and lintelsubjectbefore common erareliefspacemediumarchitectural conceptlineart historyartistcolorvolume and masstexturelight and darkstyleMesopotamiaMiddle EastEgyptzigguratsculpture in the roundproportionKatemplenarrativeconceptualizationstep pyramid and pyramidaestheticscuneiformhierarchy of scalehieroglyphichypostyle hallsphinxsteleregisterclerestorymastabaAegeanMycenaeanMinoanfrescomythologyarchaicGeometric and Orientalizing periodred figure/black figureclassicalIonic, Doric, CorinthianmosaicHellenisticCycladicfloor plan/elevationlost waxcontrappostogestureworkshopGreek artcultural borrowing and legacyacropolisatriumforumamphorablack figure paintingred figure paintingcaryatidcapitalcellacire perdue (lost wax)columnfriezekorekouroskratermetopepedimentperipteralterracottatriglyphvoluteimperialbasilicaRepublicanfacadearchEtruscansversionRomanvaultapsedomelandscapeaislepagan artstill lifelinear perspectiveperspectivegenrechiaroscuroconcretetesseramosaictriumphal archIslamic artChristian artJewish artsymbolismmanuscriptcolonnadeBibleKorancloisonnéivory workilluminated manuscriptsarcophagusmihrabmosqueminaretfolioByzantineCarolingianOttonianribiconpatronmetal and glassworkHiberno-Saxoncompare and contrastmigration art, “warrior lands”carpet pagetapestryRomanesquetowersfloor plantranseptportalarcaderelicnavemandorlaCrusadespilgrimagevaultmedievalCodexGothic cathedralsbuttress/flying buttressrose windowstained glassambulatoryclerestorycrossingtriforiumRenaissance

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Black figure painting is a technique used in early Greek pottery in which dark figures are silhouetted against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes (Kleiner, 398). A potter formed the vase on a wheel and added the handles separately by using slip, or liquefied clay (Kleiner, 90). After the vessel dried, decorators – often the potters themselves – would then incise figures or patterns onto the vase with a slip of finely sifted clay or white and purple enhancements (Athenian Vase Painting).A three-step firing process began with an oxidizing phase, where the pot and slip turned red. In the reducing phase, the kiln’s oxygen supply was shut off, turning the pot and slip black. In the final reoxidixing phase, the pot reabsorbed oxygen and turned red again, while the slip of fine clay remained black (Kleiner, 90). Athenian artist Exekias is considered the master of black figure painting.Dionysus Kylix. Exekias decorated the inside of a cup with the image of Dionysus, god of wine, lying in a boat surrounded by dolphins and grapevines, recalling the Homeric Hymn to Dionysus (Perseus Digital Library). The image is created using the black figure technique demonstrating the silhouette-like image with incised details.Works Cited:Department of Greek and Roman Art. Athenian Vase Painting: Black- and Red-Figure Techniques. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.d. Web. Accessed 2 April 2013.Exekias. Dionysus 535 BCE. Staatliche Antikensammlung, Munich. Web. Accessed 2 April 2013. Kleiner, Fred S. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: The Western Perspective. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print.The Homeric Hymns. Trans. Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Perseus Digital Library. Tufts University, n.d. Web. Accessed 2 April 2013.

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